The Inca Trail in Peru is a name, which is widely known among all the keen travelers and keen trekkers around the world. So far it the most celebrated trail in Southern part of America and multiple travelers and trekkers rate it in the world’s top five treks. The trail starts at River Urubamba and ends at the stunning and mystical ruins of Machu Picchu. In just 43 Kilometers, which is approximately 23 miles, the Inca trail manages to combine subtropical jungle, beautiful mountain scenery, and a stunning mix of paving stones of Inca, tunnels and ruins, as well as lush cloud forest. Inca trail’s final destination, Machu Picchu (the mysterious “Lost City of the Incas”), simply cannot be beaten.
The Permits for Inca Trail are in a high demand, perhaps due to the inadequate number of tickets issued on a daily basis. During high seasons, the permit numbers dwindle so fast. This 43-kilometer trail connects a number of outstanding archaeological sites along the way hence it is a highly sought-after route to walk by several trekkers and travelers. The trail commences from a place referred to as kilometer 88 in the hallowed valley and trekkers are set to arrive at the stunning ancient Machu Picchu city after four days. Hiram Bingham, an American professor, originally discovered Machu Picchu. Along the way, guests are set to experience exquisite flora and fauna, a range of terrain, an impressive biodiversity of Amazon’s cloud forest, micro-climates and typical of the Andes highlands.
Inca Trail is not for persons who easily lose hope; it involves passing over 4600 meters summit along the way. The path snakes over three high Andean passes, and winds itself up and down the mountains upon ancient carved stones. One of the three high Andean passes is ominously referred to as the ‘Dead woman’s Pass’. Once at the top, if you hold your breath, the truly breathtaking scenes of the snow-capped mountains of Vilcanota Mountain Range will naturally whisk you away. However, everything appears to melt away, and the endurance and pain are all worth after four days of aching muscles and tough trekking to boast of. Machu Picchu is a stunning scene to view at sunrise, and the feeling of finishing the trails of Inca is one of the world’s satisfying feelings.
To begin the trail, cross the narrow bridge at Kusicancha, and afterwards head towards the left-hand side of a forest full of Eucalyptus trees. Camping on this night is on either Llullucha or Wayllabamba. Day 2 is even more difficult since you are forced to climb 4200 meters at the Warmiwanusqa pass, also referred to as the Dead Woman’s Pass. Although the third day is the longest, it is the most interesting; it gives you the opportunity to visit the magnificent ruins such as Sayaqmarca and Runkuracay. Camping on this night is on either Winayhuayna or Phuyupatamarca. On the fourth day, which is also the final day, several groups depart early to see the sunrise over Machu Picchu from the Sun Gate, which the natives commonly refer to as Inti Punku.
The Inca Trail, typically known by the natives as Camino Inka or Camino Inca, consists of three trails, namely; Classic, Mollepata and One Day trails. These three trails overlap. Mollepata is the longest of the three routes and has the highest mountain pass. In addition, it intersects the Classic route before crossing the “Dead Woman Pass” (Warmiwanusqa). It is important to note that the two longer routes can result to altitude sickness because they need an ascent to beyond 13,800 ft, which is approximately 4,200 meters hence a relatively good physical condition is highly commendable. The Classic Trail of Inca is celebrated for being among the most famous hiking trails in the world.
The month of May might be the best time to go to Inca trails as it is the period when the landscape is green and lush. The raining season leaves the ground soaked, and this gives you the opportunity to delight the spectacular green embed scenery from Machu Picchu and along the trail. The dry season in Peru begins in May and goes through until the end of September. It is essential to note that the most popular seasons nearly imply you will encounter the largest crowds. Therefore, if you want to enjoy the trails of Inca with fewer crowds, then traveling there during October through to April (Peru’s wet season) is highly commendable. Moreover, there is plenty of water during this season as opposed to the dry season where water can be a significant consideration.
To sum up, advance booking is mandatory since the government of Peru has placed a limit on the number of individuals who may trek the Inca trail. The government has also sharply limited the companies that can offer guides. These measures are put to place to control the overuse of the trail as is it leads to erosion. Inca trail is shut down every February for cleaning. Initially, organizations such as South America Explorers did the cleaning informally. Now the authorities manage it officially. For more information, visit the website of the Inca Trail.